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《Environmental Science》 2013-05
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Organic Waste Treatment by Earthworm Vermicomposting and Larvae Bioconversion:Review and Perspective

ZHANG Zhi-jian1,LIU Meng1,ZHU Jun2 (1.College of Environmental & Resource Sciences,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310058,China;2.Department of Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering,University of Minnesota,St.Paul 55108,USA)  
There is a growing attention on the environmental pollution and loss of potential regeneration of resources due to the poor handling of organic wastes,while earthworm vermicomposting and larvae bioconversion are well-known as two promising bio-technologies for sustainable wastes treatments,where earthworms or housefly larvae are employed to convert the organic wastes into humus like material,together with value-added worm product.Taken earthworm(Eisenia foetida) and housefly larvae(Musca domestica) as model species,this work illustrates fundamental definition and principle,operational process,technical mechanism,main factors,and bio-chemical features of organisms of these two technologies.Integrated with the physical and biochemical mechanisms,processes of biomass conversion,intestinal digestion,enzyme degradation and microflora decomposition are comprehensively reviewed on waste treatments with purposes of waste reduction,value-addition,and stabilization.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(40701162);; 环境保护公益性行业科研专项(2010467014)
【CateGory Index】: X705
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