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《Environmental Science》 2014-03
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Effects of Thiourea on pH and Availability of Metal Ions in Acid Red Soil

YANG Bo;WANG Wen;ZENG Qing-ru;ZHOU Xi-hong;School of Science and Technology,Sanya University;College of Resource and Environment,Hunan Agricultural University;  
Through the simulation research,the effects of application of thiourea and urea on pH and availability of metal ions in acid red soil were studied,and the results showed that after applying urea,the soil pH increased in the first experimental stage and then reduced gradually to a low level,however,decreased trends of soil pH values were inhibited by the application of thiourea,especially when the concentration of thiourea reached to 5. 0 mmol·kg-1dry soil,the soil pH was stable at high level,which exceeded to 6. 0. It proved that the application of thiourea could inhibit the soil acidification due to urea application. After applying urea with different concentrations of thiourea,the available contents of Zn and Al decreased with the increasing concentration of thiourea,nevertheless, when the concentration of thiourea reached to 5. 0 mmol·kg-1,the available content of Mn was stable at high level which was over 110 mg·kg-1. In addition,the results showed a highly significant negative correlation between the soil pH and the available content of Cu, Zn and Al,but for Mn,no discipline was found between the soil pH and the availability after applying thiourea. Moreover,the soil pH became higher after applying urea with thiourea compared to add urea only,which led to the decreasing of available content of Al,and it was benefited for the control of the phytotoxic effect of Al. The available content of Mn in the soil not only depended on soil pH but also the content of thiourea due to its redox and complexing reaction with Mn.
【Fund】: 海南省高等学校科研项目(Hjkj2013-46);; 国家自然科学基金项目(30770389);; 三亚市院地科技合作项目(2012YD51);; 三亚学院人才引进项目
【CateGory Index】: X53
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