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《Environmental Science》 2014-07
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Distribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Water and Sediment from Zhoushan Coastal Area,China

JIANG Min;Le Huy Tuan;MEI Wei-ping;RUAN Hui-hui;WU Hao;College of Fisheries and Life Science,Shanghai Ocean University;Key Laboratory of Integrated Monitoring and Applied Technology for Marine Harmful Algal Blooms,State Oceanic Administration;Faculty of Agriculture,Forestry and Fishery,Hong Duc University;  
The spatial and temporal distribution of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons( PAHs) has been investigated in water and sediments of Zhoushan coastal area every two months in 2012. The concentrations of total PAHs ranged from 382. 3 to 816. 9 ng·L- 1,with the mean value of 552. 5 ng·L- 1in water; whereas it ranged from 1 017. 9 to 3 047. 1 ng·g- 1,with the mean value of 2022.4ng·g- 1in sediment. Spatial distribution showed that Yangshan and Yanwoshan offshore area had the maximum and minimum of total PAHs contents in water,while the maximum and minimum occurred at Yangshan and Zhujiajian Nansha offshore area in sediment.Temporal distribution revealed that total PAHs contents in water reached the maximum and minimum values in October and June,however in sediments these values were found in August and June,respectively. The PAHs pollution was affected by oil emission,charcoal and coal combustion. Using the biological threshold and exceeded coefficient method to assess the ecological risk of PAHs in Zhoushan coastal area,the result showed that Σ PAHs had a lower probability of potential risk,while there was a higher probability of potential risk for acenaphthylene monomer,and there might be ecological risk for acenaphthene and fluorene. Distribution of PAHs between sediment and water showed that Zhoushan coastal sediment enriched a lot of PAHs,meanwhile the enrichment coefficient( Kd value) of sediment in Daishan island was larger than that in Zhoushan main island.
【Fund】: 海洋赤潮灾害立体监测技术与应用国家海洋局重点实验室项目(MATHAB 20100315);; 上海市教委重点学科建设项目(J50701);; 上海市高校知识服务平台项目(ZF1206)
【CateGory Index】: X55
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