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《Environmental Science》 2014-08
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Review of Dual Stable Isotope Technique for Nitrate Source Identification in Surface-and Groundwater in China

XU Zhi-wei;ZHANG Xin-yu;YU Gui-rui;SUN Xiao-min;WEN Xue-fa;Key Laboratory of Ecosystem Network Observation and Modeling,Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
Water nitrate(NO-3) contamination is a world-wide environmental problem under the effects of intensive human activities.Sources identification of NO-3contamination in water is important for better management of water quality. Dual stable isotope data of nitrate nitrogen(δ15N) and nitrate oxygen(δ18O) combined with other stable isotopes and chemical analysis data have been frequently used to identify NO-3sources,differentiate percentage of the different NO-3sources and assess the nitrification/denitrification processes of surface water,groundwater and precipitation,respectively. This review summarized the analysis technique of nitrate δ15N and δ18O in domestic and abroad,assessed typical values of δ15N,δ18O from different NO-3sources and evaluated the progress in application of dual stable isotope of δ15N and δ18O technique to trace NO-3sources in surface- and ground-water. Both ion exchange-AgNO3 and bacteria denitrifying methods have been successfully used in tracing water nitrate sources nationwide. The comprehensive metadata analysis of nitrate sources showed that the δ15N values of sewage and manure,soil,precipitation,fertilizer ranged from 3‰ to 17‰,3‰ to 8‰,- 9‰ to 9‰,- 2‰ to 4‰,respectively. And the δ15N values of ammonium fertilizer ranged from- 4‰ to 2‰. According to the stable isotope technique,sewage and manure were identified as the major nitrate sources of surface- and ground-water in China This indicated that municipal sewage and aquaculture exerted serious influence on the nitrate pollution of surface water. In the future,longterm monitoring,dual stable isotope fingerprinting and hydro-chemical analysis should be applied together to quantitatively differentiate contribution of nitrate sources,and to assess seasonal dynamic of nitrate sources. It will provide useful scientific basis for water environmental management of China.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCX2-EW-310);; 国家自然科学基金项目(41171153);; 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所自主部署创新项目(201003006)
【CateGory Index】: X52
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