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《Environmental Science》 2017-01
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Effects of Different Water Managements and Soil Eh on Migration and Accumulation of Cd in Rice

TIAN Tao;ZENG Min;ZHOU Hang;XU Jun;YANG Wen-tao;GU Jiao-feng;ZOU Jia-ling;ZHANG Ping;PENG Pei-qin;LIAO Bo-han;College of Environmental Science and Engineering,Central South University of Forestry and Technology;  
A pot experiment was conducted to study the effects of four modes of water managements on soil Eh values,bioavailability of soil Cd,migration and accumulation of Cd in rice. These four modes of water managements were moistening throughout the entire period of rice growth( M),moistening before filling stage and flooding after filling stage( M-F),flooding before filling stage and moistening after filling stage( F-M),and flooding throughout the entire period of rice growth( F). The results indicated that the exchangeable contents of Cd increased firstly and then declined with the soil Eh values changing from negative to positive. Compared with M,the other three modes( M-F,F-M,and F) significantly reduced the contents of Cd in all rice tissues,including roots,stems,husks and brown rice. Meanwhile,Cd contents in brown rice due to the treatments of M-F and F were 0. 19 mg·kg~(-1)and 0. 10mg·kg~(-1),respectively. These Cd contents were lower than the limits of 0. 2 mg·kg~(-1)in national food safety standard( GB 2762-2012). Compared with M,the other three modes significantly decreased Cd accumulation amounts in the aboveground parts of rice and also decreased Cd translocation factors in rice. There were significant positive exponential relations between soil Eh values and Cd accumulation amounts in the aboveground parts of rice,Cd translocation factors in rice,or Cd contents in brown rice. The rice biomass due to M-F treatment reached the maximum among the four modes. It was worthy to be mentioned that although Weiyou 46 was considered a variety rice with high Cd accumulation,Cd content in rice brown of Weiyou 46 could be lower than 0. 2 mg·kg~(-1)in the 5mg·kg~(-1)of Cd contaminated soil through proper water managements. In summary,M-F treatment ensured high rice yield with low Cd contents in brown rice and could be recommended as the irrigation mode in rice production. Simultaneously,maintaining soil Eh value between-160--130 m V was also important after the filling stage.
【Fund】: 农业部财政部专项(湘农业联2015-112-2);; 国家自然科学基金项目(41501344);; 湖南省重点学科建设项目(2006180)
【CateGory Index】: X53;S511
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