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《Environmental Pollution & Control》 2002-01
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On critical loads of nutrient nitrogen deposition for some major lakes in China

Ye Xuemei, Hao Jiming, Duan Lei, et al. Department of Environmental Science and Engineering of Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084\;  
Critical load of nutrient nitrogen deposition for surface water is the highest nitrogen deposition never causing water eutrophication. A method to calculate the critical load of nutrient nitrogen deposition was proposed in the paper according to the nitrogen mass balance within the lake catchment. Results based on this method show that for most of the major lakes in China, critical loads of nutrient nitrogen deposition are quite low, most of which are lower than 1 keq\5hm\+\{-1\}\5a\+\{-1\}, and some are exceeded or approached by present nitrogen deposition. It means that eutrophication will occur for these lakes even under nitrogen deposition. Nevertheless, statistical data indicate that nitrogen deposition only accounts for a small part of the total nitrogen pollution sources resulting in water eutrophication for those lakes affected by industrial and agricultural actions, while other sources such as wastewater of industry and domestic and agricultural runoff account for the larger proportions. Nitrogen input from these sources is much more than the permitted nitrogen loads which will not induce the lakes to suffer from eutrophication. As a result, to control water eutrophication of these lakes, it is not most urgent to control nitrogen deposition but to control the other sources of nitrogen pollution mentioned above. However, critical loads of nutrient nitrogen deposition for lakes still have significant importance in the long\|term controlling of water eutrophication.\;
【CateGory Index】: X524
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