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《Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae》 1981-03
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CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AIRBORNE PARTICLES IN BEIJING AREA

Wang An-pu, Huang Yan-chu, Ma Ci-guang, Wang Qing-guang, Yang Shiu-lan, Liu Huai-chuan, Li Min, Liu Jin-yi (Institute of Environmental Chemistry, Academia Sinica)  
103 samples of airborne particles were collected at 9 different sites in Beijing area by using Hi-volume air sampler and analyzed for 21 elements by x-ray fluorescence, atomic absorption spectrometry and ICP. In some of the samples phase analysis of α-SiO2 and CaCO3 was done by X-ray diffraction method. Variability was found in relative elemental concentrations (x/Fe or/and x/Si) at different sites. Enrichment factors of various elements normalized to Fe relative to crustal abundance for the airborne particles indicated that most of the elements came from resuspension of soil particulates by wind. It was also found that elements S, Zn, Pb and Cu showed higher enrichment in the suspended particles relative to crustal soil. It might be thought of being caused by pollution. The percent contributions of soil and sulphates to suspended particles were calculated to be roughly 33 % and 6 % respectively.
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