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《Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae》 1985-03
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DEVELOPMENT OF BEIJING AND TIANJIN AREA FOR A TOURIST ENVIRONMENT

Song Lifu, Yang Guanxiong, Guo Laixi (Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica)  
Tourism can help renovation and protection of ancient relics and historical sites, and accelerate urban construction and beautify environment. Tourism may, however, promote damage to scenic places and resources, dislocate ecological balance and bring changes to traditional customs. In that case tourism and ecology are complementary in both positive and negative ways. Beijing and Tianjin Area is with mountains on its north and faces sea on the east. This area is of a diversified topography and commands -miles long of beautiful scenic spots which are rare in North China. All these constitute one of the fundamental features of a tourist environment, namely the natural characteristics. Another feature is that this area comes down from a long history, especially Beijing, and places of historic interest can be found almost everywhere. As early as in the period of Warring States, Yan's capital Ji here had been in the form of a metropolis in North China. From Liao and Jin Dynasties down, Beijing had been officially become the political center of North China. Afterwards, the three dynasties of Yuan, Ming and Qing in succession made Beijing their capital and political center of the whole country. After taking great pains to build the capital for seven centuries, tourist resources of this area are without any doubt, unique and exclusive in richmen and abundance in royal style and fashion. In the course of constructing an imperial capital, population grew rapidly and hence the economic activities. Thus the vegetation of the upper reaches of Yong Ding River and its peripheral mountains had to be destroyed to make room for living space. Inevitably, imbalance of ecosystem was brought about and destruction of tourist environment done with it. In all, destruction of vegetation, vanishing of mountain springs and lakes, and pollution of water, all produce a seriously adverse effect on tourist environment. In view of the present booming business of tourism in Beijing and Tianjin area, this paper takes the opportunity of putting forward some of the proposals and suggestions against increasing deterioration of the environmental quality as a whole.
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