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《Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae》 2006-07
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On-line control of stormwater pollution by pond-wetlands composite system in urban tourist area

SHAN Baoqing~ 1 , CHEN Qingfeng~ 1,2 ,YIN Chengqing~ 1 1. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085 2. College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agriculture University, Wuhan 430070  
A research on the control of stormwater pollution by the pond-wetlands system was conducted in a little experimental watershed of Wuhan Zoo, China. The investigation results with 22 rainfall events showed that the system with a sedimentation tank, two surface flow wetlands and one landscape pond had a strong capacity to retain pollutants. During a continuous precipitation-runoff event on June 26, 2005, the flow velocity at inlet of the system was 65.5 cm·s~ -1 and that was 17.7 cm·s~ -1 at the system outlet, the runoff volume decreased from 213.4m~ 3 in the inlet to 31.9m~ 3 in the outlet. The concentrations of TSS、COD_ Cr 、TN、TP decreased from 161mg·L~ -1 、226.9 mg·L~ -1 、17.0 mg·L~ -1 and 0.99 mg·L~ -1 to 98.8 mg·L~ -1 、52.8 mg·L~ -1 、4.16 mg·L~ -1 and 0.41 mg·L~ -1 , respectively. From the inlet to outlet, and the mean size of particulate matter in runoff decreased from 312 μm to 23.9 μm. The retention rates of the system were 92.9%、96.0%、85.7% and 80.9% for TSS、COD_ Cr 、TN and TP. In a medium rainfall event on July10, 2005, there was no runoff flowing out of the system and all of the pollutants were intercepted. With the functions of on-line interception, buffering and storage, the pond-wetlands system could regulate the runoff appearance time, flow velocity and volume, reduced the pollutant concentrations. The stormwater pollution load exported from the watershed was greatly decreased.
【Fund】: 国家高科技研究发展计划(863计划)项目(No.2002AA601022)~~
【CateGory Index】: X522
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