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《Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae》 2007-01
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Improvement of crude protein content in aquatic macrophyte by solid-state fermentation

YANG Liuyan 1,2,* , ZHANG Yi 1 , XIAO Lin 1 , GU Yufei 1 , JIANG Lijuan 1 , Qin Boqiang 2 , Luo Liancong 2 , Shi Xiaoli 2 1. State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 2. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Nanjing 210008  
Three species of macrophyte (Elodea nuttalli, Vallinmeria spiralis, Alterranthera philoxerides), which are widely distributed in water environments, were used to perform solid-state fermentation to produce crude proteins. The effects of single-strain fermentation and mixed-strains fermentation of aquatic macrophyte on yields of their crude proteins and cellulase activities were analyzed. The results showed that the yield of crude proteins from mixed-strains fermentation was higher than that from single-strain fermentation. The highest yield of crude proteins (39.88%) was obtained from co-fermentation of Vallinmeria spirali by Aspergillus niger and Candida utilis. The yield rate was increased by 84.2%. Taken together, our results indicate that aquatic macrophytes can be used as domestically animal feed by solid-state fermentation to produce more single-cell proteins. Therefore, mixed-strains fermentation in solid state could be a good way to make aquatic macrophyte a useful resource.
【Fund】: 国家高技术发展计划(No.2002AA601011);; 国家基础研究项目(No.2002CB412300)~~
【CateGory Index】: X524
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