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《Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae》 2009-01
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Phosphorus forms and distribution in the sediments from different reaches along the Yellow River

ZHANG Xianwei1,2,PAN Gang1,CHEN Hao1,LIAO Longbiao1,GUO Boshu3,WANG Xiaoli31.State Key Lab of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry,Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 1000852.Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 1000493.Chemistry & Environment Science College,Inner Mongolia Normal University,Hohhot 010022  
Phosphorus forms in the surface sediments from 21 representative sites along the main stream of the Yellow River were analyzed using the Standard Measurement and Test(SMT) procedure of phosphorus forms in freshwater sediments.The concentration of Total Phosphorus(TP) in the sediments ranged from 594.4 mg·kg-1 in Sanmenxia to 956.9 mg·kg-1 in Xingxian.The P fractional composition showed that the sediments were dominated by Inorganic Phosphorus(IP) in all cases,whose concentration ranged from 475.2 mg·kg-1 to 944.2 mg·kg-1,accounting for 81.17% to 96.74% of TP.The Organic Phosphorus(OP) concentration was 27.3~108.0 mg·kg-1,accounting for 3.26%~18.83% of TP.The P associated with Ca(HCl-P) was the major part of IP,whose concentration ranged from 445.6 mg·kg-1 to 891.7 mg·kg-1,accounting for 94.16%~98.81% of IP.P bound to Fe/Al oxides and hydroxides(NaOH-P),which was the active species,ranged from 10.1 mg·kg-1 to 37.2 mg·kg-1,only accounting for 1.19%~5.84% of IP.The potential of phosphorus release from Yellow River sediments to water bodies was not significant.The NaOHP concentration was positively correlated to the content of active(Fe+Al) in most cases,except for the sediments from Maduo and Xinghai.The distribution of P forms in sediments was related to the natural geological conditions and to the artificial P pollution in each region.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(No.20467002);; 国家重点基础研究计划(973)项目(No.2002CB412308)~~
【CateGory Index】: X524
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