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《Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae》 2014-03
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Atmospheric pollution characteristics of fine particles and their effects on human health

TAO Yan;LIU Yameng;MI Shengquan;GUO Yongtao;College of Earth and Environmental Sciences,Lanzhou University;College of Applied Arts and Sciences,Beijing Union University;College of Atmospheric Sciences,Lanzhou University;  
Individual atmospheric particles including TSP,PM 10,PM 2. 5 and PM 1. 0 were collected in Lanzhou from January 1,2005 to December 31, 2007. The relationships between different sizes of atmospheric particulate matter and meteorological factors were analyzed. A semi-parametric Generalized Additive Model(GAM) was applied to analyze the exposure-response relationships between mass concentrations of inhalable particle and daily hospitalizations of respiratory,cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The results indicated that mass concentrations of TSP and PM 10 were higher in summer,but PM 2. 5 and PM 1. 0 concentrations were higher in winter. Moreover,the meteorological factors were significantly correlated with atmospheric particles. In addition,respiratory hospitalization risk increased by 0. 052%,0. 604% and 0. 652% with increase of 10 μg·m- 3or 10 particle number·m- 3in PM 10,PM 2. 5 and PM 1. 0; hospitalization risk for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases increased by 0. 046%,0. 697% and 0. 935% with increase of 10 μg·m- 3or 10 particle number·m- 3in PM 10,PM 2. 5 and PM 1. 0 respectively. In conclusion,significant variation existed in pollution levels of atmospheric particles with different particle sizes in Lanzhou. Mass concentrations of PM 10,PM 2. 5 and PM 1. 0 had some influences on hospitalizations of respiratory,cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Additionally the impact of PM 10 on the respiratory diseases was more obvious than that on the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases,while the impacts of PM 2. 5 and PM 1. 0 were contrary to that of PM 10.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(No.41075102 41005087);; 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(No.lzujbky-2013-m03)~~
【CateGory Index】: X503.1
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