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《Journal of Environment and Health》 2008-03
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Health Risk Assessment for Ground Water Pollution Caused by a Substandard Landfill Site

KANG Tian-fang,ZHOU Zhong-liang,CAO Wen-wen,et al.College of Environmental and Energy Engineering,Beijing University of Technology,Beijing 100022,China  
Objective To assess the health risk of the ground water pollution caused by a substandard landfill site in northern China.Methods In May 2007,the water samples were collected from five representative civil wells situated near a substandard landfill site nearby a city in northern China.Ammonia nitrogen,nitrate nitrogen,nitrite nitrogen,volatile phenol,zinc,sexavalent chrome,mercury,manganese,pH values,fluoride,total hardness of the samples were determined according to the standard determination methods of domestic drinking water GB/T 5750—2006.The assessment of health risk was carried out.Results Only in the water samples collected from the sampling site 2,the carcinogenic toxicant(sexavalent chrome) could be detected.The health annual risk caused by sexavalent chrome via drinking water was 7.60×10-4/a.The average value of health annual risk caused by noncarcinogenic toxicants was 16.060×10-9/a.The values of health annual risk via drinking water caused by noncarcinogenic toxicants in water samples obtained from different water sampling sites were compared and arranged in descending order,sampling site 2(24.861×10-9/a) sampling site 4(17.753×10-9/a) sampling site 3(17.701×10-9/a) sampling site 5(11.718×10-9/a)sampling site 1(8.265×10-9/a).The values of health annual risk via drinking water caused by different non-carcinogenic toxicants arranged in descending order,mercury(5.694×10-9/a) nitrate nitrogen(5.178×10-9/a) fluoride(3.186×10-9/a) volatile phenol(0.869×10-9/a) manganese(0.532×10-9/a) ammonia nitrogen(0.344×10-9/a) zinc(0.250×10-9/a) nitrite nitrogen(0.006×10-9/a).Conclusion The carcinogenic toxicant pollution in water collected from sampling site 2 is serious,so it is can not be used as the drinking water source.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(20247002);; 北京市自然科学基金资助项目(8062010)
【CateGory Index】: X824
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