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《Journal of Natural Science of Heilongjiang University》 2016-06
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Pollution characteristics of metal elements in PM_1 during heating period in Harbin

HUANG Likun;WANG Wei;WANG Kun;HONG Lijing;WANG Jingyuan;School of Food Engineering,Harbin University of Commerce;Center of Research and Development on Life Sciences and Environmental Sciences,Harbin University of Commerce;School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering,Harbin Institute of Technology;  
In order to investigate the characteristics and sources of atmospheric particulate pollution during heating period,the size distribution and the mass concentration of metals in PM_1 and PM_(2. 5)were sampled and analyzed. The results showed that the mass concentrations of As,Ba,Cr,Cu,Zn,Mn,Ni,Pb,Sr and Ti were found to be from 0. 018 to 0. 8 μg·m~(-3),and Ni was not detected in December. The mass concentrations of Al,Ca,Fe,K,Mg and Na ranged from 0. 478 to 17. 470 μg·m~(-3),in particular,the concentrations of Na and Ca were 17. 470 and 12. 271 μg·m-3,respectively. The characteristics of the size distribution showed that the metal elements accounted for 56%~ 97% of total mass of PM_1,which indicated that the metal elements were mainly enriched in ultrafine particles. The weights of Pb and Zn in PM_1 is higher than other heavy metals,mainly due to the increase of motor vehicles on the road during heating period,which led to Pb and Zn increase from oil combustion.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(51408168)
【CateGory Index】: X513
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