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《Journal of Nursing Administration》 2004-08
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Study of the nurses’ job stressor, psychological health and coping styles in ICU

ZHANG Ji-ping 1,WANG Ai-jun 2,ZHANG Shu-jun 1,LU Qian 1 1.Nursing Department,the First Hospital Affiliated to Qinghua University,Beijing 100016,China;2.Department of Burn,Beijing Yanhua Hospital,Beijing 102500,China  
Objective To determine the nurses’ job stressors, psychological health and coping styles in ICU, so as to help the nursing managers to explore reasonable method to improve management, safeguard nurses’ psychological health, and improve nursing efficiency.Method Data were collected from 102 ICU nurses in 7 class-3 hospitals in Beijing using questionnaires.Results The stressors of ICU nurses mainly came from the specialty of nursing, workload and timing distribution. The job stressors were positive correlated with nurses’age, nursing age, professional title and level of burden. The average score of depression of ICU nurse was (50.50±10.25) , and the incidence of depressive mood was 52.9%. The nurses’ coping style mostly was active. Depression was positive correlated with the total stressors, specialty of nursing, workload and timing distribution. It was also positive correlated with passive coping style.Conclusion The nursing managers should pay attention to release nurses’ job stressors, attach importance to their psychological health, create amiable working atmosphere, and give them much more understanding and support.
【CateGory Index】: R47
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