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The correlation among pain,self-efficacy and quality of life of patients with prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc

LIU Ling-yun1,YIN Xin-hong2,ZHAO Qiong-lan1 1.School of Nursing,University of South China,Hengyang 421001,China;2.Nursing Department,Second Affiliated Hospital,University of South China,Hengyang 421001,China  
Objective To investigate the status of pain,self-efficacy and quality of life of patients with prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc,and explore the correlation among them.Methods A total of 100 patients with prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc were investigated with Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire,Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire and Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire.Results The pain rating index of patients with prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc was(9.77±4.66),and the score of visual analogue scale was(52.08±14.56),and the score of present pain intensity was(2.11±0.53).The score of pain self-efficacy was(32.26±11.15).The score of the eight dimensions of the quality of life of patients with prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc were significantly lower than the norm group and the difference was statistically significant(P0.01).There was a positive correlation between patients' self-efficacy and their quality of life,while there was a negative correlation between patients' pain level and their quality of life.Similarly,there was a negative correlation between the score of visual analogue scale,pain rating index and the score of pain self-efficacy(P0.01).Conclusion For patients with prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc,the pain,self-efficacy and quality of life are interacting each other.Nurse should explore effective interventions to improve patients' quality of life.
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