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《Modern Nursing》 2006-24
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Analysis of job stress and coping styles of contract nurses

XU Bo,PAN Shu-qin,PAN Qi. Department of Mental Health,Tsinghua University YuQuan Hospital,Beijing 100049,China  
Objective To evaluate the source of job stress,the level of stress and the coping styles of contract nurses.Methods 107 contract nurses were investigated by Nurse Stress Inventory,Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS) and Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) and were analyzed statistically.Results The job stress of contract nurses was in the middle level. The main job stress of contract nurses came from professional and career issues,patient care and workload and time distribution. The stress level of contract nurses taking their places more than five years was higher than that of contract nurses whose work experience was less than five years. The anxiety degree of contract nurses was significantly higher than the normal peoples,showing a significant difference (P0.001). 9.4% contract nurses had particular anxious symptoms. Active coping styles were adopted by most of contract nurses,and contract nurses of more than five years were easier to use the active coping styles than the contract nurses of less than five years,which showing a significant difference (P0.05). The job stress had a positive relationship with the level of anxiety (P0.05). Patient care and interaction,interpersonal relationships and management issues had positive relationships with the passive coping styles (P0.05). Conclusions The findings suggest the manager of nurses should sufficiently use the encouragement mechanisms and pay more attention to the job stress and mental health of the contract nurses,intensify the education of contract nurses,including psychological knowledge and professional knowledge,and enhance the active coping capability.
【CateGory Index】: R47
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