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《Journal of Heilongjiang Institute of Science and Technology》 2012-03
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Chemical composition characteristics and origin of artificial pollution elements in PM_(2.5) in Harbin

LIU Yanfei,YU Qian,XU Dan,LI Guangyan (College of Resources & Environmental Engineering,Heilongjiang Institute of Science & Technology,Harbin 150027,China)  
The paper is concerned with the study of PM2.5 samples collected in Harbin in the four seasons,2007 using high resolution field emission scanning electron microscopy(FESEM) and inductive coupling plasma mass spectrometry(ICP-MS),coupled with the identification of particles in the PM2.5,including minerals,coal fly ashes and soot aggregates using morphology and size distribution technology.Number-size distribution of PM2.5 is of a bimodal pattern with the peak in 0.2 ~ 0.5 μm and 1.0 ~ 2.5 μm range.The fly ash occupies 26% by number and accounts for up to 3% by volume,an indication that the particles consist mainly of fly ash in the PM2.5.The analysis of elements and the enrichment factors shows that the elements of Cd、Sn、Tl、Te、Bi、V、Pb、Sb、Zn、As、Ag、In、Mo、Cu、Ga、Cr、W were enriched in the PM2.5,which was mainly released by combustion of coal.The factor analysis indicate that PM2.5 of Harbin comes from the metallurgical discharge,waste combustion,automobile exhaust,mechanical,and electrical industry discharge.
【Fund】: 黑龙江省教育厅科学技术研究项目(1251149)
【CateGory Index】: X513
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