The Study on the professional pressure and the shortage crisis of nurses in America
HUA Xiaofen//Fim hospital,University of Southern California, U. S. A
Objective: To find out the status of the nursing professional pressure and the crisis of the nurse shortage in America and reach the consensus with Chinese nursing profession.Methods: 8400 registered nurses in America were surveyed for primary cause of the professional pressure of the nurses and the relationship with the shortage crisis of the nurse.The "source of tenseness - pressure - aftereffect" (Ivancevich and Matteson) was used to analyze the cause and aftereffect of the professional pressure of the nurse. Results: The shortage of nurse, heavy work load, injury in work, harmful environment and etc. were the main reasons causing pressure. . Therefore, the existence of the source of pressure is nurse shortage. Conclusion: The best way to relieve the professional pressure is not only improving the work environment, welfare and duration, but also enhancing the status of nurses in the hospital.