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《Heilongjiang National Series》 2005-02
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A Discussion on the Status Changing of the Han Armyof the Eight Banners in Qianlong Dynasty

Sun Jing(Fudan University, Shanghai 200433,China)  
The Han Army of the Eight Banners was a special troop vacillating between Qi (a military-administrative organizations of the Man nationality in Qing Dynasty of China.) and civilians in Qing Dynasty. This article discussed mainly the encounters of the Han Army during the historical period from the establishment of Han Army of the Eight Banners to the time when the Emperor Qianlong ordered the Han Army left Qi and became civilians. The establishment of Han Army turned the inhabitants of border area among the Liaodong Han people governed in Ming Dynasty into the Bannermen of the Eight Banners system. In Qianlong period, the Han Army acquired freedom of choosing their status when the Han Army was allowed to leave Qi and become civilians. In the regulating and controlling between the governing of Qing Dynasty and the changing of the Han Army of the Eight Banners, the Han Army was abandoned by Qing Government because they came from Han people, and what's more, the governers of Qing Dynasty always kept them at a distance. The Han Army's leaving from Qi was beneficial to the continual development of the Eight Banners system and the society of Qing Dynasty. At the same time, the trend was really embodied that the governers of Qing Dynasty relied on and made use of the Han Army as well as suspected and excluded them during this period when the governers of Qing Dynasty recognized the bannerman's status of the Han Army.
【CateGory Index】: K249
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