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Effect of Comprehensive Nursing Interventions on Social Functions and Quality of Life of Patients with Schizophrenia

LIU Lin, YUE Shuying, LU Shichen, et al(Department of Psychiatry, Jining Hospital for Prevention and Treatment of Psychiatric Diseases, Jining 272051, China)  
Objective To explore the effect of comprehensive nursing interventions on social functions and quality of life of schizophrenic patients.Methods Seventy-six patients with schizophrenia were randomly divided into observation group (n=38) and control group (n=38). All patients were treated with risperidone and those in observation group were subjected to comprehensive nursing interventions additionally. The study was conducted for 8 weeks and followed up for one year and was evaluated with the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS), Nurse Observation Scale for Inpatient Evaluation-30 (NOSIE-30) and the Quality of Life-100 (WHO, QOL-100).Results At the end of follow-up, the scores of the total PANSS, positive symptoms and negative symptoms in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P0.01). The total score of NOSIE-30 and the score of positive factor in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group(all P0.01), while the score of negative factor in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P0.01). The scores of QOL general evaluation, living field, areas of mental, dependence and social relation in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P0.05 or P0.01). Conclusion Comprehensive nursing interventions could help to improve psychiatric symptom and social functions of the patients with schizophrenia, and enhance life quality.
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