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《Journal of Nursing Science》 2011-01
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Anxiety and depression among patients with acute myocardial infarction:the predictive factors

Liu Wen, Lu Huijuan, Hu Yan, Qin Wei, Cao Yanpei(School of Nursing, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China)  
Objective To investigate the level of anxiety and depression among patients at the early stage of acute myocardial infarction(AMI), to explore the factors predicting their psychological state, and to provide information for nurses to take preventive psychological measures for AMI patients.Methods A total of 136 AMI patients were evaluated with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and SF-12 health survey on the 5th, 6th or 7th day after the onset of AMI.Results Among 136 patients, the incidences of anxiety and depression were 52.94% and 16.18%. Patients′ physiological function,exercise habit and mental health in the past influenced the incidence of anxiety; patients′ vitality,social function and smoking in the past influenced the incidence of depression at the early stage of AMI(P0.05,P0.01).Conclusion The quality of life and lifestyle before the onset of AMI influence the incidences of anxiety and depression of patients at the early stage of AMI.Nurses should evaluate patients more comprehensively, and provide effective intervention to prevent and control patients′ negative psychological condition.
【Fund】: 复旦大学护理学院科研基金资助项目(FNSF200903)
【CateGory Index】: R473.5
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