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《Journal of Nursing Science》 2018-16
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Study on the status and influencing factors of attitudes to aging of the elderly in rural areas

Wang Donghua;Liu Wei;Yu Ziyi;Tu Wenjun;Huangpu Ruiwei;Wen Xiaohang;College of Nursing,Changsha Medical University;  
Objective To investigate the status of attitudes to aging in the elderly in rural areas and analyze the influencing factors.Methods A total of 313 elderly people in rural areas of Shimen county,Changde city,Hunan province were investigated by using a demographic questionnaire,the Attitude Aging Questionnaire,Nostalgia Scale and General Self-efficacy Scale.Results The elderly people in rural areas scored(66.95±11.85)points on attitudes to aging,(44.63±5.59)points on nostalgia,and(19.57±6.65)points on self-efficacy respectively.There was a positive correlation between attitudes to aging and nostalgia,and between attitudes to aging and self-efficacy in the rural elderly(P0.01 for both).Age,self-rated health status,involvement in farm work,nostalgia and self-efficacy could predict attitudes to aging of the rural elderly(adjusted R2=0.653,P0.05,P0.01).Conclusion Attitudes to aging,sense of nostalgia,and self-efficacy of the rural elderly are at a low level.We should pay more attention to the rural elderly,take measures to improve their positive feelings of nostalgia and self-efficacy,so as to help them foster positive attitude towards aging.Those who have advanced ages,poor health status,and are heavily involved in farm work,should need special attention.
【Fund】: 湖南省普通高校“十三五”专业综合改革试点项目[(湘教通2016-2)6]
【CateGory Index】: D669.6
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