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《Journal of Hunan University(Natural Sciences)》 2008-01
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Study on the Biosorption of Heavy Metals by Fungi

LIU Yun-guo,FENG Bao-ying,FAN Ting,PAN Cui,PENG Li-jun (College of Environmental Science and Engineering,Hunan Univ,Changsha,Hunan 410082,China)  
This paper studied the biosorption of heavy metal ions Pb2+ and Cd2+ by two kinds of biosorbents prepared by Aspergillus niger and Penicillium simplicissimum respectively,which included biosorption,desorption and the effects of the does of sorbent,pH,contact time and co-ions on the biosorption.The results showed that the optimum adsorption pH for Pb2+ and Cd2+ was individually 5 and 3 using dead A.niger or P.simplicissimum.Biosorption equilibrium was all established within about 4 h for Pb2+ and Cd2+ adsorbed by A.niger and P.simplicissimum.The uptake were 29.07 mg·g-1 and 36.65 mg·g-1 for Pb2+,26 mg·g-1 and 26.5 mg·g-1 for Cd2+.The uptake of Pb2+ decreased when Zn2+ and Cd2+ existed.The adsorption data was all fit to Langmuir isotherm model for Pb2+ and Freundlich model for Cd2+.The desorption rates of Pb2+ by 1 mol·L-1 HNO3 were calculated,as 77.4% and 92.3% for A.niger and P.simplicissimum.
【Fund】: 教育部高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金资助项目(20050532009);; 湖南省自然科学基金资助项目(04JJ3013)
【CateGory Index】: X172
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