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《Geology and Mineral Resources of South China》 2011-04
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Progresses in Quaternary Geology of Dongting Basin: Major Achievements in Regional Geological Survey of 1:250 000 Changde and Yueyang Sheets

BAI Dao-Yuan,MA Tie-Qiu,WANG Xian-Hui,CHEN Du-Ping,PENG Yun-Yi,ZHOU Ke-Jun,LI Gang,HUANG Wen-Yi(Hunan Institute of Geology Survey,Changsha 410011,China)  
On the base of detailed geologic mapping,a great deal borehole data and systemic analyses,the regional geological survey of 1:250 000 Changde and Yueyang sheets studied the Quaternary geological and environmental characteristics and evolution of the Dongting basin.The main progresses are shown as follows: ①The writers found the Quaternary uplift-depression tectonic framework of the Dongting basin and peripheral area,and re-founded the Quarternary stratum system of outcropped and covered areas.②The authors studied amply the Quaternary tectonic and sedimentary characteristics and environmental evolution of every secondary tectonic unit of the Dongting basin,and revealed the lateral variations of Quaternary tectonic activities and sedimentations of the Dongting basin.③Dongting basin was a rift basin during Early Pleistocene-middle of Middle Pleistocene,when there were tectonic movements such as the movements of multi-directional normal faults,differential and episodic subsidences of the secondary sags of the basin,and pulsative rises of the uplifts around and inside the basin.Dongting basin entered into a depressional phase since late Middle Pleistocene,which was characterized by rise,tilt and folds in late Middle Pleistocene,and by depressional subsidence of most areas during Late Pleistoncene-Holocene.Geodynamic mechanisms of the different tectonic periods were advanced,which explained satisfactorily the genesis of the tectonic movemental characteristics of Dongting basin.④The climatic evolution of the Dongting basin was revealed through sporopollen assemblages,chemical alteration index(CIA) and contents of some trace elements.⑤Through analysis of heavy minerals from the core of the ZKC1 borehole,evolutions of sedimentary environment and tectonic subsidence of southern Dongting basin during Early and Middle Pleistocene are traced.⑥Muddy gravel deposits in Huanggushan,Jinshi,Hunan province were debris flow deposits but not moraines as former cognition.⑦The studies brought forward the concept of tectonic-sedimentary landforms,and defined ten types of tectonic-sedimentary landforms in the study area.The concept of tectonic-sedimentary landforms can not only indicate geographic environments,but also provide the information of Quaternary stratum,tectonic features,and the geological and environmental evolution process.
【Fund】: 中国地质调查局地质大调查项目(1212010610706)
【CateGory Index】: P534.63
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