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《Journal of South China Agricultural University》 1980-02
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A Study on the Chlorophyll and its Derivatives Extracted from Silkworm Feces and Used as Medecines

Wong Ze-Ran (Department of Sericulture)  
The feces of silkworm was found containing extracted chlorlphyll 0.8-1.0% and carotenoid about 0.15%.The feces of silkworm was extracted with acetone, the concentration of acetone had to be controlled at the range of 83-85%. During the removing of the solvent, the temperature of the liquid should be controlled not to exceed 85癈. The crude extract was about 5-6% of the feces of silkworm.Two methods of manufecturing sodium copper chlorophyllin from the crude chlotlphyll were used. The crude extracts were saponified and then extracted with gasoline to remove the nonsaponifiable fraction. The soap was acidified to pH 3 and the copper chlorophyllic acid was obtained by treating it with copper sulfate , then filtered. The residue was dissloved in acetone and convererted into alkali salt by treating with sodium hydroxide. The product, when dry,is known as sodium copper chlorophyllin . Another method was to treat with copper sulfate after saponification.Sodium copper chlorophyllin can be used as medicine for gastric uloer, burna, chronic persistent hepatitis and peplic ulcer.The nonsaponif iable fraction was found containing phytol, triac-ontanol and carotenoid. The phytol can be used as an intermediate for the manufacture of vitamine E and K1;the triacbntanol is a plant growth regulator and can increase the rice yield by spraying on the leaves.
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