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《Journal of Hunan Agricultural University》 2005-04
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Effects of No Tillage or Minimum Tillage or Trend of Microbial Flora and Its Activity in Paddy Soil

LI Qian1a,TAN Zhou-jin1b*,LI Jian-guo2,TU Nai-mei1c,XIAO Qi-ming1a (1.a.College of Bio-Safety Science and Technology;b.College of Food Science and Technology;c.College of Agronomy Science,HNAU,Changsha 410128,China;2.Center for Quality Supervision and Test of Agricultural Products,Changsha 410005,China)  
In order to probe into the effect of agricultural technology on biological character in soil and provide scientific proof for reasonable culturing system,the studies on effect of no tillage or minimum tillage on the microbial flora and its activity in paddy soil covered with 1/3 straw were conducted.The results showed that:When the microbial character was analysed at early-rice-harvested stage,late-rice maximum tillering stage,late-rice maximum booting stage and late-rice-harvested stage,the quantities of the main groups of microbes and microbial activities in soil at late-rice maximum tillering stage were the most.The quantities of aerobic bacteria,actinomycetes and fungi in soil were minimum tillagetillageno tillage.The quantities of anaerobic bacteria in soil were tillageminimum tillage no tillage.The proof could be provided by the microbial results that minimum tillage with minimum straw was a better technology to improve soil quality and do good to crops than tillage or no tillage.
【Fund】: 国家“十五”科技攻关资助项目(2004BA520A01)
【CateGory Index】: S154.3
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