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《Journal of South China Normal University(Social Science Edition)》 2010-04
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From Hard Systems Methodology to Holistic and Pluralistic Methodology

WANG Ze-lang,FAN Dong-ping  
Hard systems methodology is a kind of systems methodology that takes the overall optimization as the core and the functionalism as the foundation.Soft systems methodology have overcome hard systems methodology's weakness of placing undue emphasis on instrumental rationality and highlight the necessity of value rationality and the communicative rationality.The development of systems methodology shows that taking a position of holism and pluralism and using multi-level,multi-dimensional systems methodology will be an effective solution to the real systems complex problems.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金项目“复杂系统整体论的思想与方法论研究”(08BZX018)
【CateGory Index】: N941
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