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《Journal of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences》 2015-06
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Effects of Different Models of Cultivation on Yield and Quality of Luzhou-flavor Liquor Special Maize

GOU Caiming;HUANG Ning;ZHANG Jihai;YU Shiquan;LIAN Shuncai;XU Kecheng;LI Zhilong;RONG Tingzhao;Maize Research Institute,Sichuan Agricultural University;Yibin Academy of Agricultural Sciences;Technology Center of Wuliangye Yibin Co. ,Ltd;  
This study was carried out to analyze the effects of cultivation measures on the yield,quality,and net income in order to provide the theoretical basis for optimal cultivation measures of multiple-grain Luzhou-flavor liquor special maize. Quadratic general regressive rotation,which was designed with four factors,namely,planting density,nitrogen rate,phosphorus rate,and potassium rate,was conducted to study the cultivation models of multiple-grain Luzhou-flavor liquor special maize Fukangyu 909, as well as determine their high yield, quality, and benefit in Yibin. The relationships among grain yield,quality,net income,and four experimental factors were used as quadratic functions.Some interactions among the experimental factors were observed. Under such conditions,the net income was 13,534Yuan·hm-2,which was calculated by the distributing frequency statistical method and simulation optimization. The optimum cultivation parameters for high grain yield,quality,and high net income were as follows: planting density,5 200 kg·hm-2; nitrogen rate,360 kg·hm-2; phosphorus rate,720 kg·hm-2; and potassium rate,360 kg·hm-2. The analysis of relationships among grain yield,quality,net income,and four experimental factors provided the basis for Fukangyu 909 industrialization in the Southern part of Sichuan province.
【Fund】: 四川省科技计划项目(2010NZ0091);; 四川省玉米育种攻关项目(2011NZ0098-2)
【CateGory Index】: S513
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