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《Environmental Monitoring and Forewarning》 2011-02
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Review of Online Biological Monitoring Systems with the Use of Daphnia Magna

ZHENG Xin-mei,FENG Zheng,DING Liang,LIU Hong-ling,YU Hong-xia(State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse,School of the Environment,Nanjing University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210046,China)  
In recent years,the emergencies of leakage waste water into the environment took place all over the world frequently and it not only arose more and more panicky people to concern the water pollution problem but also improved the development of the online monitoring methods and the biota early warning system(BEWS).BEWS can evaluate the toxicity of simplex compound on the aquatic organisms,and also be used in the evaluation of the actual pollution environment which contains a lot of complex compounds.Comparing with the chemical methods that mainly focused on the detection of physiochemical index,BEWS has more advantages and now it has become the available method in estimating whether water quality toxic to aquatic organisms or match the standards of drinking water.In this paper,the BEWS with the use of Daphnia was presented,and mechanisms of the systems units which included multi-channels biological testing cells and the biosensor systems were also demonstrated.Application of these systems in drinking water quality monitoring was already realized.But it still needed further study of its development in industrial wastewater toxicity identification.
【Fund】: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项项目(2008ZX08526—003);; 江苏省环境监测科研基金项目(0809);; 江苏省环保科技项目(2008005)
【CateGory Index】: X835
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