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《Marine Fisheries》 2012-02
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Comparative studies on digestive enzymes and SOD enzyme between wild and cultured Portunus trituberculatus

JIANG Shui-heng1,XU Shan-liang2,SHAO Bo1,HUA Yu-ming1,WEI Xiao-rong1,ZHANG Ke-sheng1(1.School of Marine Science,Ningbo University,Ningbo 315211,China; 2.Key Laboratory of Marine Biotechnology of Zhejiang,Ningbo 315211,China)  
In order to reveal the variation of enzyme activity and its relationship with growth environment,the activity of pepsase enzyme,lipase enzyme and amylase enzyme from hepatopancreas and superoxide dismutase(SOD) from muscle of three-stage crabs(larval,female adult and spawning crabs) sampled from wild and cultured Portunus trituberculatus was studied.The results showed as follows:(1) the activity of amylase was respectively(1.57 ± 0.09) U·mg-1 and(2.61 ± 0.01) U·mg-1 in wild and cultured larval crabs,significantly higher than that of adult and spawning crabs(P0.05);the activity of pepsase was respectively(5.83 ± 0.45) U·mg-1 and(2.77 ± 0.10) U·mg-1 in the wild and cultured adult crabs,significantly higher than that of the larval and spawning crabs(P0.05),which was 2-3 times as high as that of larval and spawning crabs;the activity of lipase was the highest in the spawning period of cultured crabs,followed by the wild crabs;the activity of digestive enzymes changed with the growth stage and feeding switching;(2) the activity of SOD enzyme was significantly higher than that of the cultured crabs in the three stages of wild crabs(P0.05);lipase and pepsase activity of wild crabs was also significantly higher than that of the cultured crabs,which was 2.5 times as high as that of the cultured crabs.Therefore,the body health,immune protection and anti-stress of the cultured crabs were weaker than that of the wild,especially the larval crabs had the lowest SOD activity and the worst anti-stress ability.
【Fund】: 宁波市农村科技创新创业资金(201001C8006007);; 浙江省科技厅公益性项目(2010C32021)
【CateGory Index】: S917.4
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