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《Marine Science Bulleten》 2002-05
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Progress in the Studies of Porphyridium sp

CHEN Bilian1, 2, HUANG Jian2, LIANG Shizhong1 (1 College of Food and Biotechnology, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, Guangdong, China; 2. College of Bioengineering, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 35007,Fujian, China )  
:The red microalga Porphyridium sp is a source of many natural products, in particular sulfated polysaccharides. This paper concerns an attempt to review R D Porphyridium on polyunsaturated fatty acids, polysaccharide, scale-up culture. The downstream processing, purification and determination of arachidonic acid (AA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and the role of triacylglycerols (TAG) as a reservoir of polyunsaturated fatty acids and TAG contribution to the biosynthesis of eukaryotic galactolipids of Porphyridium are studied. The sulphated polysaccharide of Porphyridium has impressive antiviral activity against Herpes simplex viruses of types 1 and 2 ( HSV1, 2 ) and Varicella zoster virus (VZV). Biomass of Porphyridium reduces the blood cholesterol level and modifies the fatty acid composition in egg yolk of White Leghorn chickens, and also soluble polysaccharide and biomass alter intestinal morphology and reduce the serum cholosterol in Sprague-Dawley rats. Outdoor mass culture in flat-plate glass reactors, airlift reactor, modified airlift reactor and tubular reactor has been applied in the cultivation of Porphyridium of scale.
【Fund】: 福建省自然科学基金项目(B0020001)资助
【CateGory Index】: Q949.2
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