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《Marine Science Bulletin》 2003-03
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Sea Ice Impacts on the Formation of Muddy Tidal Flats in the Temperature Zone ——A Case Study of Jiangsu Coast

LI Jialin1,2 , ZHANG Renshun1, SHEN Yongming1, YAN Shouguang1, WAN Yanhong1 (1. Institute of Ocean and Coastal Wetland, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, Jiangsu, China; 2. Faculty of Architectural Engineering and Environment, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, China)  
: The Jianggang tidal flat, typical deposit muddy flat of Jiangsu, locates at the northern Temperature Zone. In the winter of 2001, we investigated the Jianggang tidal flat and analyzed samples that we had collected. Based on the analysis of the formation mechanism of sea ice on the muddy tidal flats in Jiangsu, the paper probes into the zonal distribution of sea ice on Jiangsu tidal flats. Then, the forming mechanism of the three kinds of tidal flat micro-topography including scrape, scoured pit and mud speckle are discussed. The scrapes are caused by floating ice digging, the scoured pits by tidal current erosion and the mud deposits by ice melting. The stabilization of floating ice belt, the effect of creek and salt marsh vegetation on the formation of floating ice, the effect of sea ice on the deposition of supra tidal and the feasibility of conservation of erosional micro-topography caused by floating ice are discussed at the end of the paper.
【Fund】: 教育部重点项目“海岸滩涂的形成与演变规律及其可持续利用--以江苏为例”(00170) 资助
【CateGory Index】: P731.15;P737.1
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