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《Marine Science Bulletin》 2009-04
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Overview of research on ocean (lake)-effect snow

YANG Cheng-fang1,2,TAO Zu-yu3,LI Ze-chun4 (1. Shandong Provincial Meteorological Institute, Jinan, 250031, China; 2. Shandong Meteorological Observatory, Jinan, 250031, China; 3. Department of Atmospheric Science, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871;China 4. National Meteorological Center, Beijing 100081, China )  
The main research advances of Ocean (lake)-effect Snow (OLES) in recent years are reviewed in this paper. The definition, mechanism, large scale circulation background and multi-scale interaction, influence factor, classification of spatial shape, and so on are summarized. Multi-scale interaction is found in OLES.Temperature difference of ocean (lake) and air, wind direction and speed, stability, topography and microphysics processes are the critical influence factor for OLES, which also decide the spatial distribution of snowfall. Model simulation and Doppler radar data is the leading methods in the field in the past years. Based on the reviews, the authors put forward the further research on OLES including classification of spatial shape and their influence factor in China. In this way, accuracy forecasting ability will be enhanced.
【Fund】: 灾害天气国家重点实验室开放课题(编号:CMATG2007Y08);; 山东省气象局重点课题(编号:2008sdqxz03)资助
【CateGory Index】: P426.63
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