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《Acta Chimica Sinica》 1983-12
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STUDY OF ESTERIFICATION REACTIONS CATALYZED BY HYDRATED SULPHATE SALTS Ⅰ. DETERMINATION OF THE ORDER AND THE ACTIVATION ENERGY OF REACTION AND THE ACTIVITY OF CATALYSTS

HUANG HUA-MIN LIU FU-AN XU ZHI-LUO~* ZHONG XI-NING(Department of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun)  
The order of esterification reaction of acetic acid and ethanol catalyzed by Fe_2(SO_4)_3·7H_2O and CuSO_4·5H_2O has been determined. The reaction order was found to be 2 with respect to acid and ethanol with constant quantities of catalysts. The activity of catalysts can be expressed by Y_m value, which is different from catalyst to catalyst. For Fe_2 (SO_4)_3·7H_2O, Cr_2 (SO_4)_3·6H_2O, CuSO_4·5H_2O, NiSO_4·7H_2O, ZnSO_4·7H_2O, CoSO_4·7H_2O, FeSO_4·7H_2O and MnSO_4·5H_2O the Y_m values are 1.52, 1.21, 0.62, 0.42, 0.47, 0.25,0.10 and 0.00 respectively. A linear relationship of Y_m with the fraction of the second ionization potentiol (P) over radius (r) of metal ion of sulphate salts was found to be Y_m=a(P/r)+b.
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