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《Journal of Sichuan University(Medical Science Edition)》 2010-06
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Effect and Mechanism of DNMT Inhibitor on the Reversal of Multidrug Resistance in Human Colon Cancer Cell Line sw620/L-OHP

DENG Qian1,LI Zhi-ping1,HUANG Chun-mei1,LIU Zhen1,ZHONG Ren-ming2,LI Ai-jun2,BI Feng3,TANG Qiu-lin3.1.Abdominal Oncology Department,West China Hospital,Sichuan University,Chengdu 610041,China;2.Oncology Radiation Therapy Centre,West China Hospital,Sichuan University,Chengdu 610041,China;3.Laboratory of Signal Transduction and Molecular Targeting Therapy,West China Hospital,Sichuan University,Chengdu 610041,China  
Objective To explore whether demethylation inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine(5-aza-dC) could reverse multidrug resistacne(MDR) of human colon cancer and its impacts on the expressions of Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19 KDa protein interacting protein 3(BNIP3),P-glycoprotein(P-GP) and multidrug resistanceassociated protein(MRP),as well as the activity of DNA methyltransferase(DNMT).Methods Oxaliplatin(L-OHP) resistant human colon carcinoma cells(sw620/L-OHP) and its parental cells(sw620) were used to determine the effect of 5-aza-dC.CCK-8 assay was adopted to evaluate the cytotoxicity of 5-aza-dC.Western blot was performed to observe the expressions of BNIP3,P-GP and MRP.3H microassay was used to detect the activity of DNMT.Results After the addition of 1.4 μmol/L 5-aza-dC, the 50% inhibitory concentration(IC50) of L-OHP to sw620/L-OHP cells was decreased from(0.335±0.043) μg/mL to(0.069±0.023) μg/mL,and the chemosensitivity increased 8.26 times(P0.001).Western blot analysis showed that the expression of BNIP3 was up-regulated by 5-aza-dC in a concentration-dependent manner(P0.001),and P-GP and MRP expression were also significantly changed(P0.05) but not in a concentration-dependent manner(P0.05).DNMT activity was down-rugulated by 5-aza-dC in sw620/L-OHP cells (P0.001).Conclusions 5-aza-dC could reversed multi drug resistance of sw620/L-OHP,which may due to the demethylation to upregulate BNIP3 expression,and inhibite the expression of resistance-associated protein P-GP and MRP furtherly by some unknown mechanism.
【CateGory Index】: R735.3
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