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《MARINE GEOLOGY & QUATERNARY GEOLOGY》 1999-01
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ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE OF KUNLUN PASS AREA SINCE QUATERNARY

CUI Zhijiu 1 WU Yongqiu 2 GE Daokai 3 LIU Gengnian 1 1(Department of Geography,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China) 2(Open Research Laboratory of Environmental Changes and Natural Disaster of State Education Commission  
The Kunlun Pass Area is located at the border area between the Qiangtang Plateau and Qaidam Basin.There are five sections at different locations,and the result of 14 C dating,paleomagnetic measuring and other methods indicate that the sections are linked each other in age.They are:Yakou section(including Kunlun Gravel Bed,before 3 4 Ma B.P.,Jingxiangu Formation,3 4~2 5Ma B.P.,Qiangtang Formation,2 5~1 1 Ma B.P.,Pingtai Formation,1 1~0 7Ma B.P.and Wangkun Till),Naij Tal section(Naij Tal Gou Formation,0 6~0 4 Ma B.P.),Sanchahe section(Sanchahe Formation,0 4~0 06 Ma B.P.),Xiaonanchuan section(60~1 ka B.P.)and Reshui section(18ka B.P. to present). Based on field survey and data analyses,the environmental change in this area since Quaternary is as follows:warm environment in 3 4~2 5 Ma;humid cool environment in 2 5~1 1 Ma,and the elevation of this area was no more than 1 500m at that time;Kunlun Yellow River Tectonic Movement occurred in 1 1~0 6 Ma and lifted this area to 4 500 m above sea level;the maximum glaciation in this area Wangkun Glaciation(last but two)occurred in 0 7~0 6 Ma and interglaciation in 0 6~0 3 Ma;Yakou Glaciation (last but one)occurred in 0 3~0 2 Ma;the climatic variability occurred in the last interglaciation,and the climate was humid cold in the early period of the last glaciation;and ancient men lived in this area in Holocene Megathermal.
【Fund】: 国家科委“八五”攀登计划资助 北京师范大学校级课题资助
【CateGory Index】: P534.63
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