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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 1980-02
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THE SKULL OF ELOPICHTHYS BAMBUSA AND IT'S ADAPTATION TO PREDATORY HABIT

Chen Yiyu(Institute of Hydrobiology, Academia Sinica)  
The skull of Elopichthys bambusa exhibits the following features in which it differs from general Cyprinid fishes:1. The premaxilla, maxilla and rostral are fused with each other. The dentary are elongated and stout. The median process of the dentary projects toward the median indentation of the premaxilla.2. The palatines are elongated. The anterior parts of the well-developed palatines are inserted into the supraethmoid, prevomer and maxilla. The posterior part of the prevomer are forked and articulated with the lateral ethmoid.3. On the lateral aspect, the skull has two special depressions, the lateral frontal fossa and the lateral fossa of the hyomandibula, for the insertion of dilator operculi muscles.4. The post-temporal fossa, into which the muscles pass for insertion on skull, is large and deep.The features enumerated above are adaptations to predatory habit. However Elopichthys bambusa also shows a large number of the characters of the Leuciscine fishes. For example, the second and third centra are not completely fused, their united neural spines are forked; ossified preethmoid is wanting; the series of subor-bitals are slender except for the fourth suborbital; the pharyngeal process is simple, its posterior process is compressed, ect.In view of the above characteristics, E lopichthys bambusa must be a branch of the Leuciscine fishes, modified as a result of adaptation to predatory habit.
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