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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 1985-03
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THE EASTERN FLAT SEDIMENTATION OF THE CHONGMING ISLAND

Xu Zhiming (Normal University of East China, Shanghai)  
The flat is situated at the entrance of the Changjiang Kiver mouth. The materials carried to the flat are very aboundant in silt, and a small amount of fine sand and mud. Tide plays the dominant role in its rapid formation besides the miner influence exerted by wave.The sediments are getting finer from subtidal to supratidal zone. Current-ripples change in shape from lingoid and sinus to straight, and ultimately replaced by a zone of mudcrack and organic trace in the above direction. Current-ripples change in shape from lingoid and sinus to straight, stratification changes from laminated sand and small ripple bedding in the low part of the intertidal flat to aboundant small ripple beding, wavy bedding, flaser bedding, lenticular bedding and the climbing ripple lamination in the upper part of the intidal zone and finally to horizontal stratification in the supra-tidal zone; the individual layers of the alternate beds decrease, in thickness. These variations indicate that the current is hydrodynamically dying away form subtidal to supratidal zone.Tidal channels located in the upper part of it are slow in lateral migration. Their sediments are mainly composed of fine-sand silt which is of clear bimodal distribution. There exist two kinds of point bars different from those of the fluvial channel in shape. Longitudinal cross stratification of the sand bar is well-developed internally.
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