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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 1992-04
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STUDIES ON THE COMPOSITIONS AND SEQUENTIAL STRU-CTURES OF URONATE RESIDUES IN ALGINATES FROM CHINESE BROWN ALGAE LAMINARIA AND SARGASSUM

Zheng Naiyu, Zhang Yanxia Fan Xiao(Institute of oceanology, Academia Sinica, Oingdao 266071)  
Sodium alginates and alginic acids were extracted from four Chinese brown algae. The alg-inic acids were characterized by infrared spectra. The compositions and sequential structures of uronate residues in the intact sodium alginates were determined by high-resolution 1H-NMR spectra (400 MHz). Results obtained may be summarized as follows:The infrared spectra of alginic acids at 808cm-1 and 787cm-1 show the difference in mono-meric compositions of alginates.The order of the Fe values (the molar fraction of guluronic acid) is: L. japonica (0.35) S. pallidum (0.40)S. thunbergii (0.44)S. kjellmanianum (0.45), and the order of the FGG values (the diad frequencies of GC) is: L. japonica (0.21) S. thunbergii (0.34)S. kjellmanianum (0.36)S. pallidum (0.37). This may indicate that one of the three species of Sargassum has a higher G content and more GG-sequences in alginates than Laminaria. Consequently Sargassum mentioned above would be good raw materials for the preparation of high gel strength alginates.The sequence distributions of uronate residues in alginates may be illustrative to use a parameter defined by η= FMG/(FM·FG). The order of η values is: L. japonica (0.62) S. thunbergii (0.41) S. kjellmanianum (0.36)S. pallidum (0.13). This probably means that there is a marked difference in compositions and sequences of uronate residues in the alginates between Laminaria and Sargassum.
【Key Words】: Composition Sequential structure Alginate Laminaria Sargassum.
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