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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 1993-03
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STUDY ON TRIPLOIDY INDUCTION IN THE BLACK PORGY, SPARUS MACROCEPHALUS (BASILEWSKY)

You Feng(Institute of Oceanology, Academia Sinica, Qingdao 266071)  
Studies on triploidy induction in the marine commercial fish--the black porgy, Sfarusmacrocephalus (Basilewsky) were carried out using cold- and heat-shock techniques from March to June in 1989 and March to May in 1990 in Tianjin and Qingdao. Results of studies show that the cold-shock technique is more advantageous for inducing triploidy in the black porgy than the heat-shock technique. Under cold-shock treatment, the optimal condition for inducing triploidy in the black porgy was to treat the eggs at 3-4℃, 5 minutes after fertilization for 10-20 minutes. The maximum percentage of occurrence of triploidy was 50.35%. Under heat-shock treatment, the optimal condition for the inducing triploidy was to treat the eggs at 32-35℃, 5 minutes after fertilization for 8 minutes. The maximum percentage of occurrence of triploidy was 36.04%. The orthogonal design results showed that the rate of occurrence of triploidy was affected firstly by treatment duration, secondly by treatment time, and lastly by treatment temperature under both cold-shock and heat-shock treatment.The early stage of triploidy in the black porgy can be identified in the gastrula stage from chromosome spreads. Observation under the microscope revealed 48 chromosomes in diploidy and 72 in triploidy. Karyotypes of diploidy and triploidy were obtained through observation and analysis.This paper also presents the results of observation and analysis of the effect of cold- and heat-shock on the extent of embryo development and on the relationship between fertilization temperature and inducing triploidy.
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