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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 1993-06
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THE FAECAL PRODUCTION AND DIGESTIBILITY OF THE SOUTHERN CATFISH (SILURUS MERID1O-NALIS CHEN), IN RELATION TO RATION LEVEL, BODY WEIGHT AND TEMPERATURE

Xie Xiaojun(Department of Biology, Southwest China Teachers University, Chongqing 630715)Sun Ruyong(Department of Biology, Beijing Normal University 100875)  
The digestibilities of the yearlings were estimated by measuring their faecal productions of the southern catfish (Silurus meridionalis Chen) in laboratory from February, 1988 to February, 1989. The results showed that at 25℃ the mean values of the digestibilities as percentages of food energy in the fish fed ration levels of 1%, 2%,4% body weight per day and to satiation were 80.3% ,84.9%,88.4% and 87.3%, respectively; and that in the fish with mean initial weights of 8.72,25.43,45.16, 78.18 and 127.5g, the mean values were 86.6% ,81.1% ,90.4% ,86.9% and 81.1%, respectively. The mean digestibilities in the fish with similar initial weight (43.84-47.19g) at 15,20,25, and 30℃ were 78.1% ,82.0% ,85.2% and 90.0%, respectively. By regression analysis a model for prediction of the faecal production (F:J/day) with the food consumption (C:J/day), body weight (W:g) and temperature (T:℃) as independent variables was developed as following:p = 0.868C(0.981+0.0346 InW-0.100 InT)The discussion suggested that the positive effect of temperature on the efficiency in transforming food energy into net energy might occur on the basis of the relationship between the digestibility and temperature.
【Fund】: 国家教委博士点专项基金资助 32870499号
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