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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 1994-03
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STUDY ON THE DETERIORATION OF ECO-ENVIRONMENT OF ERHAI LAKE AND COUNTERMEASURES FOR COMPREHENSIVE TREATMENT

Du Baohan(Dali Prefectural Research Institute of Environmental Science, Yunnan 671000)  
Erhai Like situated at the west of Yunnan (100°0’-100°17’E, 25°36’-25°58’N),has a catchment area of 2 565 km2, surface area of 250 km2, mean depth of 10.5mand maximum depth of 20.5m. The main ecological environmental problems of ErhaiLake are: (1) decrease of water level and water resources, (2) increase of areal co-verage and biomass of aquation vegetation, (3) aboriginal fish slowly depleted, (4)oyerfishing, (5) destruction of the wa8hed forc8t, soil cro3ion, (6) loading of nitro-gen and phosphorus due to the increase of agricultural production around Erhai Lake,(7) pollution of the waves.This paper presents some countermeasures to solve the problems:(1) Control water level.,(2) Afforestation in the watershed to prevant soil erosion.(3) Control overgrowth of aquatic plants in the lake.(4) Implement and perfect the administrative system and pass protective legisla-tion for Erhai Lake.
【CateGory Index】: X171
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