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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 1994-05
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EFFECT OF ORAL IMMUNO DRUGS FOR PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF DISEASES OF CULTURED PENAEUS CHINENSIS

Wang Lei; Li Guangyou; Mao Yuanxing; Zhang Haiyan (Institute of Oceanology, Academica Sinica, Qingdao 266071)  
An enlarged experiment on the above topic was carried in a prawn farm in Rushan County, Shandong Province, from August to September, 1992. The on-the spot determination showed that prawn growth was accelerated while the incidence of diseases was decreased evidently after the immuno drags were taken orally. The ten-day increase of body length and weight of the experimental prawns was 0.77cm and 3.6 grams/per prawn respectiveIy, wbile that of the control were 0.53cm and 3.0 grams/per prawn respectively. Every 5 day laboratory measurement of the antibacterial, bacteriolytic and phenoloxidase activities in the haemolymph of prawn showed that the antibacterial activity (Ua) and bacteriolytic activity (UL) of the experimental prawns could be increased to as high as 0.74 and 0.462 (while that of the controls were only 0.30 and 0.13 respectively). The Ua and UL related to the strengthening or weakening of the immune function of prawn, and are quantitative measures of the effects of immuno drugs.All these proved that the immuno potency of prawn can be increased by immunological methods, and that the oral immuno drugs can be widely applied in prawn culture, to prevent and control the diseases of prawn and enhance their growth.
【Fund】: 中国科学院“八五”重大项目!A0892081312
【CateGory Index】: S945
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