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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 1995-02
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THE HEAT CONTENT IN THE UPPER LAYER OF THE WESTERN TROPICAL PACIFIC OCEAN

Bai Hong; Ding Zongxin; Li Yongxiang(Institute of Oceanology, Academia Sinico, Qingdao 266071)  
Based on CTD data gathered in fall from 1986 through 1990 in the western Pacific by the "R/V" Science 1, the distribution characteristics and interannual change of the upper-layer heat content were described and analysed in this paper, using the vertical-average temperature from surface to 20℃-isotherm depth as a representation of the upper-layer heat content. The results show that the upper-layer heat content is higher in the south and decreases northwards at a mean rate of 0. 179℃/Lat. from 7.5°N to 22.1°N along 130°E. The distribution of the upper-layer heat content is clearly associated with strong currents, such as the Kuroshio, Mindanao current and eddies. The higher heat content water is transported by the Kuroshio to the coast of southeast China.The higher and lower upper-layer heat content could be caused by the warm and cold eddies, respectively. Furthermore the interannual variation of the upper-layer heat content is greatly influenced by E1 Nino. The heat content becomes very low and the area of high heat content decreases rapidly after the appearance of El Nino.In addition, the interannual change in heat content is consistent with the change of the volume transport of the North Equatorial Current.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!49176255
【CateGory Index】: P733.4
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