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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 1996-06
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SEASONAL CHANGES IN RESTING METABOLISM OF THE ADULT SILURUS MERIDIONALIS

Cho Zhendong; Xie Xiaojun (Department of Biology, Chongqing Teachers College, Chongqing 630047)(Department of Biology, Southwest China Teachers University, Chongqing 630715)  
The resting metabolic rates of 2.085-6.810kg adult Silurus meridionalis collected from the Jialing jina hiver were measured with continuous-flow respirometers from Sep. 1991 to July 1992. At 10.0, 13.3, 16.0, 21.8, 22.2 and 27.4℃, the meas ured values were 8.699, 21.980, 25.412, 30.563, 34.463 and 32.483 O2 mg /(kg·h) in the female, and 8.146, 19.568, 26.830, 29.426, 32.156 and 32.098 O2 mg /(kg·h) in the male, respectively. From the values, the metabolic rates at the standard conditions (20℃;♀. 4.126kg, : 2.890kg) were converted by a statistical model. The results showed two peaks on the annual curves of the resting metabolic rates in both the male and the femal. The rates March to May (the spawning season) and in Sep.to Nov. (when sexual products accumulate rapidly) were higher than those in other seasons, lower in July (summer), lowest in JanUary (winter), indicating the annual changes in the metabolism correlated with the gonad development and reproduction activities of the fish. The annual energy requlrements for resting metabolism were 28.8×105J /(kg·a) in the male and 29.5×105J / (kg· a) in the female. It is suggested that the level of resting metabOlism in the fish, a large-size piscivore, is lower than those reported in several other fish species.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!39070143
【CateGory Index】: S965
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