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《OCEANOLOGIA ET LIMNOLOGIA SINICA》 1997-04
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THE CAUSATIVE MECHANISM OF CHATONELLA MARINA BLOOM IN DAPENG BAY, THE SOUTH CHINA SEA

Qi Yuzao; Huang Changjiang(Institute of Hydrobiology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632)  
According to the dynamic variations of hydrology, weather and sea-condi-hon in Yanhan Waters of Dapeng Bay between February and March in 1991, and theexistence of Chalonella marina cyst found in the bottom sediments of Dapeng Bay in1992, here the authors hypothesise the formatting process and mechanisms of C.marinabloom occurred in Yanhan Waters of Dapeng Bay from March 20th to 21st 1991. Thebloom was suggested to be inihated by a large-scale germination of the dormant cellsdue to the water temperature increasing up to about 20℃ from March 7th, which isophmum for gerhanation of dormant cells of Chatonella. And then the vegetation cellsof C.marina continuously multiplied in abundance due to a long-term maintenance ofthe optimum water temperature (20-22℃) for both germination of dormant cells andgrowth of vegetative cells of C. marina from about 11th to the bloom, and a fullynitrogen suppy of organic and inorganic due to the thorough mixing of water columnby a strong southeast wind in this season. At the same time, the vegetative cells werealso driven by the strong southeast wind to accumulate continuously in the northwestpart of Dapeng Bay (Yantian Waters). After March 17th, however, the Southeast windsuddenly became much weak, and tidal current became lowly due to severe diurnalinequality. These factors made not only the vegetative cells to increase much more,but also the converged populahon not to be broken up easily. So, the bloom of Cmarina occurred at last in 20th characterised by a mean wind velocity0.5m/s.
【CateGory Index】: Q948
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