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《OCEANOLOGIA ET LIMNOLOGIA SINICA》 1998-05
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STUDIES ON PARALYTIC SHELLFISH POISONING OF ALEXANDRIUM TAMARENSE FROM HONG KONG WATERS

ZHENG Shu-zhen; LIN Xiao; LIN Hui-zhen;; CHEN Hai-sheng(Guangzhou Institute of Chemistry, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510650)  
The components and toxicity of paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) of Alexandrium tamarense isolated from Hong Kong waters in Oct. l99l and cultured in the laboratory in the Institute of Hydrobiology, Jinan University, were studied. The alga was collected by filtration and the PSP was extracted by O.O3mol / L CH3COOH .The PSP was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and mouse bioassay. The results show that the major toxic component from A. tamarense cultured is Gonyautoxin-2 (GTX-2) at a concentration of 94.l3xlO-12g /cell (87.8% of the total PSP toxin), and the minor component is N-sulfocarbamate derivative of GTX4 (C4) at a concentration of l5.67 x lO-12g / cell (l2.2% of the total PSP toxin). The toxicity was (3.23- 4.ll) X lO-6 M-U / cell by mouse bioassay according to the standard method of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). The presence of l% NaCl causes a decrease of around 3O% in the toxicity in mouse bioassay The cultad A. tamarense used in the present study appears to have a lower toxicity than that identified in previous studies elsewhere. The difference might be due to a combined effect of different culture conditions, sizes of the alga and the number of culturing passage. The methods of sample extration and HPLC analysis of PSP toxin used in the present study were efficient but simpler than those used by other investigators in the previous researeh.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!9389008
【CateGory Index】: X173
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