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《OCEANOLOGIA ET LIMNOLOGIA SINICA》 1999-02
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MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND TOXINS OF PHAEOCYSTIS CF.POUCHETII (PRYMNESIOPHYCEAE)

HE Jia-wan; SHI Zhi-xin; ZHANG Yinhua; LIU Yong-ding (Institote of Hydrobiology, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430072)JIANG Tian-jiu, YIN Yi-wei, QI Yu-zao (Institute of Hydrobiology, Jinan University, Guangrkou, 510632)  
A heavy algal bloom of harmful and toxic Phaeocystis cf pouchetii occurred in the coastal water of Southeast China in the autumn of 1997. Two different morphotypes of Phaeocyslis cf pouchetii were observed. one was nonmotile spherical colonies with a multitude of cells (103-104) disposed around the periphery and surrounded by a gelatinous covering. The colonies varied in size from 10mm to 30mm in diameter. Cells in the colony measured 3-7.5μm and had 2-3 chloroplastS. The other was mohle spherical single cells, each possessing two almost equal flagella and a shoft haptonema. Toxins were obtained from Phaeocystis cf pouchetii cells through lyophilization and extraction with various orgboc solvents and assayed in terms of their achvity on bovine erythrocytes. The results show that Phaeocystis cf pouchetii connined hemolysin. The hemolysin was separated into five components by silicagel column chromatography, arnong which the most potent component was identified as a mixture of glycolipids, with the major constituent of 1'O-heptadecadienoyl-3 '-O-(6-O -α-D-galactopyranosy-β-D-Galactopyranosyl)Glycerol.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金;;赤潮重大项目!39790110;;国家自然科学基金!39770155
【CateGory Index】: Q946
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