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《Oceanologia Et Limnologia Sinica》 2003-04
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PROCEEDINGS ON THE STUDY OF NUTRITION REQUIREMENT AND FEED FOR TURBOT SCOPHTHALMUS MAXIMUS L.

MA Ai-Jun, LEI Ji-Lin, CHEN Si-Qing, ZHANG Xiu-Mei (Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Qingdao, 266071) (Fisheries College, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, 266003)  
Turbot Scophthalmus maximus is a kind of flatfish distributed along east and north coast of Atlantic ocean in nature. At present it has become a well known culture species, and its culture is developing in large scale. Turbot was first introduced in China in 1992 by Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences. Since then a series of researches have been carried out, covering introduction taming, seed breeding and culture. The techniques of large scale seed breeding was brought out in 1999, and turbot fry production amounted to 1000 000. Therefore the turbot culture developed fast in north China. Now turbot has become an important culture species in China and given out huge economy and social benefit. Turbot economy is regarded as a new economy-gaining point. After the success of seed breeding, the study on turbot nutrition need, feed and illness etc. continued. In this report, the study on turbot nutrition need and feed were reviewed. Two aspects will be discussed in this paper: one is the main nutriment and the other is feed character and effect. Turbot has a high demand for protein, and the content of protein in feed has the most distinctive effect on the increase of the body weight and feed efficiency. Lipid can facilitate the protein absorption. Lipid acid is very important for turbot larval, and sugar plays an important role in the growth of turbot. About the feed, at present, the level of confection is different. It is commonly thought that the suitable percentage of protein is up 42%, and lipid is up 12%, with the consummation of the study on nutrition parameter, the confection of feed will be improved in future.
【Fund】: 农业部“948”项目“大菱鲆的引种和苗种生产技术研究”资助 963084号 ;; 该项目已获得 2 0 0 1年度国家科技进步二等奖 证书编号J-203-2-01-D0 1;; 中国水产科学研究院资助项目“大菱鲆人工配合饲料及养成技术研究” 1 999-0 2-0 2号;; 山东省科委科技计划专项合同资助项
【CateGory Index】: S963
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